عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Persian Gulf has a tremendous strategic and geopolitical importance for its rich
oil and gas resources in one hand and rich biological resources on the other.
Moreover, due to the transits of gas, oil, and other essential commodities, it is
actually vital to its neighboring countries. Due to its relatively low latitude, near
shore islands, it does not follow specific rule for border demarcation. The present
paper is a descriptive – analytic type and through data collection via library
studying it attempts to investigate the marine border rules of Iran with the
neighbors in Persian Gulf and to address the role of navy border guards in
providing order, security, and the restoration of the rights of the people and
government in the territorial waters. The results of the study show that the
marine limits of Iran with Iraq, Kuwait, and much of UAE have not been
separated yet. The separation limits with other countries is also in the plateau and
not exclusive economic. Although Iran has extended its exclusive economic
waters, this border demarcation has not passed its complete procedures. So,
every year we are witnessing the stoppages and arrests of dozens of ships and hundreds of mutual citizens. And also this can be a factor in the future challenges and pretexts for border conflicts.
It is suggested that by careful and required study based on justice and
international laws and historical records the plan of marine border demarcation
with the mentioned countries be prepared and investigated bilaterally or multilaterally.