عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
In the military literature of any country in which military geography is a part, knowing geographic characteristics of ours and the enemy for defensive objectives is of considerable importance. Eight years of experience as a sacred defense have made the necessity of understanding the threats of natural and human factors (the size of military, cultural, economic, political, etc.) in national, regional and trans-regional levels (tactical and strategic) obvious. In this study an attempt is made to discuss the concept of geography, military geography, borders, border types, in particular Northwest and Western borders and border disputes and the influence of internal developments in the border areas of neighboring countries on border regions of Islamic Republic of Iran’ Northwest and West, as well as a military concept and scope of activity. In addition, a comprehensive definition of the concept of security-political geography, having the view on applied aspects in different levels of military actions, is offered. The research question of the role of military geography of western borders with neighboring countries in national security is also answered and explained in this way that the frontiersmen’s ethnic-religious integrity with residents of the other sides of the borders and the existence of present changes and challenges in the neighboring countries have led the same challenges to exist in these sides of borders and it primarily affects the security of the region and later the national security. Therefore, knowing the military geography of border regions and generally the political geography can extendedly prevent from the repetition of security incidents due to the crises on the other sides of the borders. The methodology of this study is a library-documentary type which has been conducted using library resources (books, articles, and theses), statistics and internet. The effective factors on creating unrests in northwest and west regions of the country have been investigated. And then by constructive analysis the obstacles of establishing the stability and security in the regions have been identified and finally the necessary guidelines for providing security in the borders have been proposed from the military-security viewpoints.