عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Political borders are spatial phenomena that reflect a state's territory and impede the free movement of people, goods transfer and dissemination of thoughts. The most important function of borders is creating obstacles to the free movement of people, goods and ideas that can be considered as border security. In order to achieve national objectives, security is essential in the country. Since border areas have specific limitations, characteristics, and vulnerabilities, recognizing these characteristics and fixing them are necessary in providing national security. One of the major injuries to weaken and undermine the security of the country is trafficking in border areas. Trafficking creates security issues such as affecting border security, disruption of economic activities, disruption of cultural activities, weapons entrance and creating insecurity at the national level and espionage activities against the security. The findings, which were obtained using the descriptive-analytical method and library resources, internet and comments related to the field of border security, show that many factors such as: underdevelopment and deprivation, the economic, social, and cultural gaps, economic incentives and influence of neighboring border regions due to the of racial, ethnic, linguistic and religious similarities in the border regions of Iran and due to numerous factors and conditions that have been developed over the years, could affect the border dwellers, and national security as well.