عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The type of political management in geographical areas of Iraq's autonomous Kurdish Regional Government where it is known as the heartland of the Middle East is considered a new way of governance in the new millennium. Due to the bonds and confluence of Turks, Kurds, Persians, and Arabs, the geographical location of the autonomous government have doubled the importance of this area and necessitated the study of developments in this area. The formation of this government in Middle Eastern, which was governed by centralized governments for years, was different and it made political, cultural, and social challenges and opportunities for Iraq and its neighbors. With the invasion of Americans to Iraq and Saddam Hussein overthrow different fields of activities were provided for Kurdish people and it led to more political and geographical activities by the people of Iraq and its government. The reflection of the events in Iraqi Kurdistan due to its centralized governance projected their effects on the surrounding area and across the Middle East. The present study investigated these developments through a descriptive-analytical study. The results show that with the invasion of Americans to Iraq and Saddam's government overthrow more views were on political change and political developments in the military facing the country. But what is significant in this vein is the reflection of progress and changes in cultural and socio-economic aspects in Iraqi Kurdistan and its effects on bordering countries, in a way that the scope of changes was to the extent that after a while it affected the political changes, which were considered as the origins of economic development and all the obtained developments in Kurdistan and presented Kurdistan as a new model for governance in the country.