عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
At the international level, the Persian Gulf, due to its extraordinary importance in world energy supplies, the dependence of the leading industries and developed countries on this vital material is highly regarded by these powers. The Strait of Hormuz is the only Persian Gulf exits, and since all developed and developing countries depend on the export of oil from the Persian Gulf, and more than half of the world's oil needs should flow through the Strait of Hormuz, the strait is internationally important. Iran is the largest country in the Gulf and has the most geographical and protective positions in this region; therefore, the Strait of Hormuz is very important. In fact, it is considered as the gateway of Iran's relationship with the region and the world. This article, using a descriptive-analytical method, seeks to answer the question: What are the advantages of the geopolitics of the Strait of Hormuz for the interests and security of Iran in the Gulf region and the world?
The research findings show that the Strait of Hormuz in the Gulf crater provides Iran with a position that is being evaluated and considered in all geopolitical equations and geopolitical calculations by different countries regarding our regional balance of power. The Strait of Hormuz can also be a unifying factor for border alignment between Iran and the Gulf states. On the other hand, the security of the Strait of Hormuz and the freedom of shipping are tied to the economies of the industrialized countries, and the security of the strait has become a major and strategic challenge to the world economy and to the security of the world's energy.