عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
One of the most important factors of economic development affecting public security in the border town of Sardasht has been the creation of border markets in recent years. The basis of creating border markets is its achievements for the border residents and in addition to providing the desired level of employment in the border areas, creating the advantages related in the production of business activities on both sides of the border. In terms of its objectives the present study is of an applied research type and in terms of its methodology it is considered as a descriptive-survey study. The statistical population consisted of 85 officials and experts in political, security, military, law enforcement, judicial, border and border guards of Sardasht, all of whom were considered as a statistical sample. According to the census of 2016, the population of Sardasht city was 118,845 individuals. Using Cochran method, 321.78 questionnaires were needed. For better conclusions, the number of questionnaires was increased to 340 questionnaires. Also, reliability of the questionnaire was obtained as 0.786 using Cronbach's alpha method, which indicates that the reliability of the research tool is high. The findings showed that there is a significant relationship between the development of Qasem Rash border market and the economic development criteria of the region. Also, the findings showed that there is a direct relationship between the components of economic development of Sardasht border region and the development of Qasem Rash border market. The highest correlation of the Qasem Rash border with the economic development is the three-level priority of employment, security and regional welfare, respectively. Border markets affect economic development, the direct and indirect job creation in the region, increasing general welfare and rising incomes, decreasing migration from border villages to Sardasht city and preventing drainage of villages, decreasing illegal trade and goods smuggling and finally increasing the production in the province and the city in order to export to the other side of the border in the city of Sardasht. The first three priorities according to fieldwork include job creation, increasing security and regional welfare development.