عنوان مقاله [English]
The smuggling of goods has adverse effects on the important dimensions of security at the borders, including economic, political, geographical, social and cultural affairs. The present study seeks to identify the impact of good smuggling on the border security. A review of empirical and theoretical studies has shown that border security is affected by the smuggling of goods on various dimensions, including economic security, political security, social and cultural security and the geographical security of the border. Each of these dimensions, affected by trafficking in goods, has shown unpleasant effects. The research method was descriptive-inferential and of survey type and the questionnaire was the research tool. The identified statistical population, including all experts in the customs of the whole country was about 1100 individuals, 284 individuals of whom were selected as the samples of the study using the Cochran formula. The data analysis has also been conducted using the structural equation model of the LISREL software that has shown the weight and impact of smuggling on each of the security dimensions of the borders in this research. The results of the research have shown that smuggling of goods affects all aspects of security at the borders; the highest impact was on the socio-cultural security (87%), political security (72%), and the economic and geographic security (56%). Therefore, smuggling affects the security of the borders, which has a negative impact on social, cultural and political dimensions more than the economic and geographical dimensions of the borders. It should be noted that the most important adverse effects of smuggling goods are on the social and cultural dimensions of the country's borders.