عنوان مقاله [English]
Borders, while separating the two political units, have historically played the role of peace and war in the historical transition between the two nations. Iran, having suffered damaging treaties and border treaties in its contemporary history with regard to boundary disputes and treaties, has been a threatening factor from its neighbors. The present study aims to fully understand and better perception of the effective indicators of Iran's border disputes with its western neighbor, Iraq, with the aim of explaining the processes and contexts of contracts signed between the two countries over the past hundred years. Iran-Iraq Border Conflicts are a legacy of Iran-Ottoman border disputes and conflicts at various stages of war and peace by concluding border treaties and conventions in line with the role of the colonists of the East and the West, relying on the same border disputes with religious beliefs and disputes. Iran and the Ottomans played the role of mediators in determining the border and boundaries and due to the role and mediation of foreigners, these treaties could never have ended the conflict of supporters of the two nations. With the emergence of Iraq following the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire in the wake of World War I, tensions and border disputes with Iran did not end only with the religious and ethnic (Arab and Persian) disputes raised by the Iraqi Ba'athist government. It led to an eight-year war between the two countries. The research method is descriptive-analytical and data gathering is done through documentary method and political documents and border protocols of the two countries through the method of library studies and archive of document centers. This study seeks to answer the question of which boundary point in the Iran-Iraq conflict has had the greatest impact on the strain of military relations and clashes. What effects did the role of the border treaties, and especially the most prominent of the Algerian 1975 treaties, have on the peace and war era between Iran and Iraq? The findings also show how the East and West superpowers imposed an eight-year war on the Iranian government and nation with the provocation of the Iraqi Ba'athist government on the pretext of border disputes with their eastern neighbor.